 ## The DFIELD Tool

Now I want to introduce you to a nice online tool which might help you construct some of these slope fields. (if you get tired of doing this by hand and your calculator can't plot these for you) It is called DFIELD (named for the term direction field which is another term for slope field). It is being developed by

John C. Polking and some of his colleagues at Rice University. The software is really just a set of m-files that MatLab executes. MatLab is a Matrix Laboratory software package that is very popular with many mathematicians and engineers. As a matter of fact, the image that you see on the right of this page was generated using DFIELD.

Before you actually visit the site, you should remember that there are a few syntax rules that you need to understand and follow. After all, this is a computing tool, much like a calculator, and it requires a certain syntax in order to function properly. You may want to keep this window open while you are using the tool so that you can read through the following notes as you plug along for the first time. Just minimize it and pull it up whenever you need it. The link to DFIELD is at the bottom of the page, but read (at least skim it, please) through the following before you click.

• There will be several windows that pop up as you get started. As the software is cranking up, you will have to click OK on the copyright box in order to get started. Managing all of these windows will require some ingenuity on your part.
• Two Basic Windows:
• The two basic windows that you will work with are the Equation Window and the Direction Field Window.You may have to adjust the size of the Equation Window in order to see the contents of all the boxes. The Equation Window is where you enter the differential equation. Notice that there is already an equation entered for you. There is a box which tells DFIELD which variable is the independent variable. There are also some parameters in the equation-- a and b. The values of those parameters can be adjusted in the boxes under the heading Parameter Expressions. One can also adjust the maximum and minimum values of the graph of the slope field by using The Display Window boxes.
• Plotting a slope field:
• Click on the button in the right hand corner of the Equation Window. It is labelled as Graph Direction Field. You can view the direction field (or slope field) in the Direction Field window.
• Sketching Solution Trajectories:
• Using your mouse to click on a point in the direction field, you can generate a sketch of the solution to your differential equation which passes through that particular point in the plane.
• When you click on a particular point in the ty-plane, you are, in essence, specifying an initial condition for your differential equation. DFIELD then sketches that particular solution for you.
• Basic Syntax and Operations: